• Biology as information dynamics.

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Abstract.If biology is the study of self-replicating entities, and we want to understand the role of information, it makes sense to see how information theory is connected to the ‘replicator equation’—a simple model of population dynamics for self-replicating entities. The relevant concept of information turns out to be the information of one probability distribution relative to another, also known as the Kullback–Liebler divergence. Using this we can see evolution as a learning process, and give a clean general formulation of Fisher’s fundamental theorem of natural selection.

• Samuel Alizon and Daniel Cownden, Replicator dynamics.

Some of these describe agents that look at what other agents are doing and copy them if those other guys are doing better than they are.

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